BUSS Research

As an innovative methodology, research is ongoing consistently into how best to apply the BUSS method. As such, permission will be asked when receiving care if the BUSS team may use your case as part of a research program. Whether you participate or not has no bearing on the level of care you receive.

The BUSS team is currently working with Clinical Psychologists in training from the Universities of Leeds and Hull.  One trainee has just completed a one year Service Evaluation Project, looking at the efficacy of the 4-stage model in a therapeutic social work team.  Interviews were undertaken with foster carers who had completed the programme and social workers in the team who had been involved in the programme.  Thematic analysis of the interviews showed overwhelmingly positive results for both foster carers and social workers.  The plan is to publish this in a peer reviewed journal in 2020.

Two trainee Clinical Psychologists are looking at the BUSS model for their Doctoral Theses, due for completion in 2020.  To summarise briefly, they are considering the impact on psychosocial wellbeing and relationships of a programme that focuses on sensorimotor rather than psychological functioning.

There are two other trainees who are interested in an evaluative study of the impact of the school readiness and BUSS work that Sarah Lloyd has been accomplishing in Leeds with Calderdale Virtual School. The Boxall Profile was used as a pre-intervention and post-intervention measure, and  qualitative reflection by foster carers was consulted throughout the process.

Books by Sarah Lloyd

Sarah’s most recent book, Building Sensorimotor Systems in Children with Developmental Trauma: A Model for Practice, can be found on Amazon here.

Sarah’s first book, Improving Sensory Processing in Traumatised Children, published in 2016 by JKP, can be found on Amazon here.

If copies are unavailable through Amazon or JKP, the BUSS team holds a small number of these books in stock. To inquire for a copy, please contact the team through

Brian Rock, Dean of the Tavistock Clinic, wrote in the the foreword to ‘Building Underdeveloped Sensorimotor System in Children with Developmental Trauma: A Model for Practice’:

“She brings concepts and ideas together, drawing on what appear to be antithetical traditions, in the service of providing an accessible and effective set of interventions that make a real difference to people’s lives. Here there is much innovation and development for which we should be grateful.”

Other Useful Resources

These resources cover working with Developmental Trauma, Attachment, and Building Relationships, and may be of interest. 

Booth, P (2009) Theraplay: Helping Parents and Children Build Better Relationships through Attachment Based Play. Jossey-Bass

Gerhard, S (20014) Why Love Matters: How Affection Shapes a Baby’s Brain

Golding, K and Hughes, D (2012) Creating Loving Attachments: Parenting with PACE to Nurture Confidence and Security in the Troubled Child.  Jessica Kingsley Publishers, London and Philadelphia

Guerney, L. and Ryan, V (2013) Group Filial Therapy:  The Complete Guide to Teaching Parents to Play Therapeutically with their Children. Jessica Kingsley Publications

Hughes, D.  and Baylin, J (2012) Brain – Based Parenting: The Science of Caregiving for Healthy Attachment.  New York, NY: W.W. Norton & Co

Hughes, D.A., Golding, K.S., Hudson, J (2019) Healing Relational Trauma with Attachment Focused Interventions.  WW Norton, NY and London

Perry, B (2006) The Boy Who Was Raised as a Dog.  Basic Books

Online resources:

In Brief: The Impact of Early Adversity on Children’s Development. This is a digestible overview, with pictures and an accompanying video. Click here to access this.

The Beacon House website – a collection of resources, information and advice  for children, families and schools surrounding therapy. Click here to access it. A video about the ‘Window of Tolerance’ from Beacon House can be found here.

The Child Trauma Academy website, which has lots of good resources. Click here to access it. They also have other resources, including videos, such as The Human Brain videocast by Bruce Perry (2013) as part of their Seven Slide series. Click here to watch it.

Ruby Jo Walker has some excellent resources on her website. She explores the Polyvagal theory, explaining in simple terms. Click here to access it.


Here are some resources focused on Child Development that are useful. First, some books:

Murray, L. and Andrews, L. (2000) The Social Baby. CP Publishing, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Music, G (2011) Nurturing Natures: Attachment and Children’s Emotional, Sociocultural and Brain Development.  Psychology Press

Sharma, A. and Cockerill, H(2014) Mary Sheridan’s from Birth to Five Years: Children’s Developmental Progress. Routledge

Tredgett, S (2015) Learning through Movement in the Early Years,   Critical Publishing

Online resources:

There are some great websites developed by Children’s Occupational Therapists, outlining ages and stages of development with useful links and ideas. Click here to access the Mama OT website and click here to access the CanDoKiddo website.

The First 1001 Days Movement website has some good resources about early development. Click here to access it.


Training in sensory integration therapy is open to Occupational Therapists and Physiotherapists. More information is available on the sensory integration website – Most books about sensory integration describe sensory processing disorders and their treatment. If you are interested in finding out more about this, these books are popular and provide an introduction to the subject.

Ayres, Jean A (2005)  Sensory Integration and The Child :25th Anniversary Edition: Western Psychological Services

Bhrethnach, E and Bhrethnach, S (2011) The Scared Gang. Alder Tree Press

Kocsinski, C (2017) Sensorimotor Interventions. Arlington, TX; Future Horizon Incorporated

Lane, S.J. and Schaaf, R.C. (2010) Examining the Neuroscience Evidence for Sensory-Driven Neuroplasticity: Implications for Sensory-Based Occupational Therapy for Children and Adolescents. American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 64, 375-390.


These are books for younger children which possess a combination of story and animal pictures – a good start for climatising children to the ideas of different forms of crawling:

Campbell, R (2010) Dear Zoo, MacMillan Publications

Carle, E (1994) The Very Hungry Caterpillar, Puffin Books

Donaldson, J (2017) The Gruffalo, MacMillan Publications

Donaldson, J (2018) The Snail and The Whale, MacMillan Publications

Donaldson, J (2017) A Squash and a Squeeze, MacMillan Publications

Rose, M (2015) We’re going on a Bear Hunt, Walker Books

Voake, C (2008) Ginger Walker Books


If you would like to search for anything on our website, please type here and click ‘search’