Level 3 Module

BUSS Research

As an innovative methodology, we are keen to develop research around BUSS. As such, we’ll usually ask if you’re happy to be involved in any research programmes that are being undertaken at that point. A decision to participate or not to participate has no bearing on treatment.

The BUSS team is currently working with Clinical Psychologists in training from the Universities of Leeds and Hull. One trainee has just completed a one year Service Evaluation Project, looking at the efficacy of the 4-stage model in a therapeutic social work team. Interviews were undertaken with foster carers who had completed the programme and social workers in the team who had been involved in the programme. Thematic analysis of the interviews showed overwhelmingly positive results for both foster carers and social workers. The plan is to publish this in a peer reviewed journal in 2020.

The other two trainee Clinical Psychologists are looking at the BUSS model for their Doctoral Theses, due for completion in 2020. Briefly, they are considering the impact on psychosocial wellbeing and relationships of a programme that focuses on sensorimotor rather than psychological functioning.

There are two other trainees who are interested in an evaluative study of the impact of the school readiness / BUSS work that Sarah has been doing in Leeds with the virtual school. We used the Boxall Profile as pre-intervention and post-intervention measures as well as a qualitative reflection by foster carers. Weekly videos of the children completing sensory / movement circuit tracked progress.

Books by Sarah

Sarah’s most recent book, Building Sensorimotor Systems in Children with Developmental Trauma: A Model for Practice, can be found on Amazon here.

Sarah’s first book, Improving Sensory Processing in Traumatised Children, was published by JKP in 2016, and can be found on Amazon here.

Both are available on Amazon or from the publisher. We hold a small number in stock, so if you’re having difficulty getting hold of a copy, just let us know.

Brian Rock, Dean of the Tavistock Clinic, wrote in the the foreword to ‘Building Underdeveloped Sensorimotor System in Children with Developmental Trauma: A Model for Practice’:

“She brings concepts and ideas together, drawing on what appear to be antithetical traditions, in the service of providing an accessible and effective set of interventions that make a real difference to people’s lives. Here there is much innovation and development for which we should be grateful.”

Other Useful Resources

These resources all cover working with Developmental Trauma, Attachment, and Building Relationships, and may be of interest. Here are some books:

Booth, P (2009) Theraplay: Helping Parents and Children Build Better Relationships through Attachment Based Play. Jossey-Bass

Gerhard, S (20014) Why Love Matters: How Affection Shapes a Baby’s Brain

Golding, K and Hughes, D (2012) Creating Loving Attachments: Parenting with PACE to Nurture Confidence and Security in the Troubled Child.  Jessica Kingsley Publishers, London and Philadelphia

Guerney, L. and Ryan, V (2013) Group Filial Therapy:  The Complete Guide to Teaching Parents to Play Therapeutically with their Children. Jessica Kingsley Publications

Hughes, D.  and Baylin, J (2012) Brain – Based Parenting: The Science of Caregiving for Healthy Attachment.  New York, NY: W.W. Norton & Co

Hughes, D.A., Golding, K.S., Hudson, J (2019) Healing Relational Trauma with Attachment Focused Interventions.  WW Norton, NY and London

Perry, B (2006) The Boy Who Was Raised as a Dog.  Basic Books

Here are some online resources:

In Brief: The Impact of Early Adversity on Children’s Development. This is a very readable overview, with picture and an accompanying video. Click here to access this.

The Beacon House website – a fantastic collection of brilliant resources, information and advice  for children, families and schools. Click here to access it.

The Beacon House video on Window Of Tolerance can be found here

The Child Trauma Academy website, which has lots of good resources. Click here to access it.

They also have other resources, including videos, such as The Human Brain videocast by Bruce Perry (2013) as part of their Seven slide series. Click here to watch it.

Ruby Jo Walker has some excellent resources on her website. I think this resource on Polyvagal theory that manages to have both the essence of it but put it in a simple form is really useful. Click here to access it.


Here are some resources to do with Child Development that I think are useful. Firstly here are some books:

Murray, L. and Andrews, L. (2000) The Social Baby. CP Publishing, Richmond, Surrey, UK

Music, G (2011) Nurturing Natures: Attachment and Children’s Emotional, Sociocultural and Brain Development.  Psychology Press

Sharma, A. and Cockerill, H(2014) Mary Sheridan’s from Birth to Five Years: Children’s Developmental Progress. Routledge

Tredgett, S (2015) Learning through Movement in the Early Years,   Critical Publishing

Here are some online resources:

There are some great websites developed by Children’s OTs, outlining ages and stages of development and with lots of useful links and ideas. I find these two especially useful-  click here to access the “mama OT” website and click here to access the “CanDoKiddo” website.

The First 1001 Days Movement website has some really good resources about early development. Click here to access it.


Training in sensory integration therapy is open to Occupational Therapists and Physiotherapists. More information is available on the sensory integration website – Most books about sensory integration describe sensory processing disorders and their treatment. If you are interested in finding out more about this, these books are popular and provide an introduction to the subject.

Ayres, Jean A (2005)  Sensory Integration and The Child :25th Anniversary Edition: Western Psychological Services

Bhrethnach, E and Bhrethnach, S (2011) The Scared Gang. Alder Tree Press

Kocsinski, C (2017) Sensorimotor Interventions. Arlington, TX; Future Horizon Incorporated

Lane, S.J. and Schaaf, R.C. (2010) Examining the Neuroscience Evidence for Sensory-Driven Neuroplasticity: Implications for Sensory-Based Occupational Therapy for Children and Adolescents. American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 64, 375-390.


These are some books for younger children which are a combination of a great story and also have lots of animals in them – perfect for all that crawling, commando crawling and bear walking!

Campbell, R (2010) Dear Zoo, MacMillan Publications

Carle, E (1994) The Very Hungry Caterpillar, Puffin Books

Donaldson, J (2017) The Gruffalo, MacMillan Publications

Donaldson, J (2018) The Snail and The Whale, MacMillan Publications

Donaldson, J (2017) A Squash and a Squeeze, MacMillan Publications

Rose, M (2015) We’re going on a Bear Hunt, Walker Books

Voake, C (2008) Ginger Walker Books


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